Smart technology vs. face-to-face physical activity interventions in older adults: a systematic review protocol Academic Article uri icon

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  • Objective

    The objective of this review is to determine the effect of physical activity interventions delivered via smart technology compared with face-to-face interventions for improving physical activity and physical function in older adults.


    Physical activity is a modifiable risk factor for multiple noncommunicable diseases and reduces the risk of premature mortality. Despite this, one in four adults does not meet recommended levels of physical activity. This pattern of inactivity increases with age. Smart technology, such as wearables, tablets, or laptops, is one solution for improving physical activity. Research has shown that different smart technology solutions can increase physical activity in older adults. While individual studies support smart technology to increase physical activity, there are no systematic reviews comparing the effects of smart technology with traditional face-to-face physical activity interventions.

    Inclusion criteria

    We will include randomized controlled trials of physical activity interventions delivered via smart technology (eg, wearables, tablets, computers) compared with face-to-face (ie, in person) interventions for community-dwelling older adults aged 60 years or older.


    We will search four databases (AMED, CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE) from inception for relevant studies. All abstracts and full texts will be screened independently and in duplicate. Risk of bias, data extraction, and quality assessment will be completed in the same manner. If possible, a meta-analysis will be performed of the primary outcomes of physical activity, physical function, and adherence rate. Subgroup analyses will be conducted by type of physical activity, and type of smart technology, where possible.

    Systematic review registration number

    PROSPERO CRD42020135232.


  • D’Amore, Cassandra
  • Reid, Julie C
  • Chan, Matthew
  • Fan, Samuel
  • Huang, Amanda
  • Louie, Jonathan
  • Tran, Andy
  • Chauvin, Stephanie
  • Beauchamp, Marla

publication date

  • September 7, 2021