Probiotics are used as non-pharmacological therapy for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Probiotics have mechanisms of action that can influence the complex pathophysiology of IBS. Evidence of the efficacy and safety of probiotics in IBS is based on various meta-analysis that showed these agents have a limited but superior effect on the management of IBS. The recommendations on the use of probiotics in IBS in the clinical practice guidelines published to date remain controversial. Some recommend the use of probiotics for global symptoms and abdominal pain, while others state that there is low quality evidence for a recommendation. Currently, probiotics are frequently prescribed by doctors for the treatment of patients with IBS. A greater number of high-quality clinical trials are needed to define which probiotic strains are effective in the different IBS phenotypes.