Controlled Coalescence of AlGaN Nanowire Arrays: An Architecture for Nearly Dislocation-Free Planar Ultraviolet Photonic Device Applications
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Nearly dislocation-free semipolar AlGaN templates are achieved on c-plane sapphire substrate through controlled nanowire coalescence by selective-area epitaxy. The coalesced Mg-doped AlGaN layers exhibit superior charge-carrier-transport properties. Semipolar-AlGaN ultraviolet light-emitting diodes demonstrate excellent performance. This work establishes the use of engineered nanowire structures as a viable architecture to achieve large-area, dislocation-free planar photonic and electronic devices.
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