This paper analyzes the influence of infrared radiation (IR) on regeneration, after autotomy of limb buds of
Neohelice granulataand consequently the time molt. Eyestalks were ablated to synchronize the start of molt. Afterward, animals were autotomized of five pereopods and divided into control and irradiated groups. The irradiated group was treated for 30 min daily until molt. Limb buds from five animals of days 4, 16 and 20 were collected and histological sections were made from them. These sections were photographed and chitin and epithelium content measured. Another group was made, and after 15 days limb buds were extracted to analyze mitochondrial enzymatic activity from complex I and II. The irradiated group showed a significant reduction in molt time (19.38 ± 1.22 days) compared with the control group (32.69 ± 1.57 days) and also a significant increase in mitochondrial complex I (388.9 ± 27.94%) and II (175.63 ± 7.66%) in the irradiated group when compared with the control group (100 ± 17.90; 100 ± 7.82, respectively). However, these effects were not acompanied by histological alterations in relation to chitin and epithelium. This way, it was possible to demonstrate that IR increases complex I and II activity, reduces the time molt and consequently increases the appendage regeneration rate.