An alternative delayed population growth difference equation model
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We propose an alternative delayed population growth difference equation model based on a modification of the Beverton-Holt recurrence, assuming a delay only in the growth contribution that takes into account that those individuals that die during the delay, do not contribute to growth. The model introduced differs from a delayed logistic difference equation, known as the delayed Pielou or delayed Beverton-Holt model, that was formulated as a discretization of the Hutchinson model. The analysis of our delayed difference equation model identifies a critical delay threshold. If the time delay exceeds this threshold, the model predicts that the population will go extinct for all non-negative initial conditions. If the delay is below this threshold, the population survives and its size converges to a positive globally asymptotically stable equilibrium that is decreasing in size as the delay increases. We show global asymptotic stability of the positive equilibrium using two different techniques. For one set of parameter values, a contraction mapping result is applied, while the proof for the remaining set of parameter values, relies on showing that the map is eventually componentwise monotone.
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