Purpose of reviewThe purpose of this review is to summarize the epidemiology, mechanisms, and management of cardiovascular complications of Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase inhibitors (BTKIs).
Recent findingsIbrutinib increases the risk of atrial fibrillation, bleeding, and hypertension compared with non-BTKI therapies. The evidence to support an association between ibrutinib and other cardiovascular complications including ventricular tachyarrhythmias or cardiomyopathy is limited. Ibrutinib metabolism can be inhibited by some medications used to treat cardiovascular complications. The cardiovascular effects of more selective BTKIs, such as acalabrutinib, remain to be determined. Future research should address the mechanisms underlying the cardiovascular complications of BTKIs and how best to manage them. The risks and benefits of more selective BTKIs as compared with ibrutinib require further evaluation.