Microwave Imaging by Deep Learning Network: Feasibility and Training Method
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Microwave image reconstruction based on a deep-learning method is investigated in this paper. The neural network is capable of converting measured microwave signals acquired from a 24×24 antenna array at 4 GHz into a 128×128 image. To reduce the training difficulty, we first developed an autoencoder by which high-resolution images (128×128) were represented with 256×1 vectors; then we developed the second neural network which aimed to map microwave signals to the compressed features (256×1 vector). Two neural networks can be combined to a full network to make reconstructions, when both are successfully developed. The present two-stage training method reduces the difficulty in training deep learning networks (DLN) for inverse reconstruction. The developed neural network is validated by simulation examples and experimental data with objects in different shapes/sizes, placed in different locations, and with dielectric constant ranging from 2~6. Comparisons between the imaging results achieved by the present method and two conventional approaches: distorted Born iterative method (DBIM) and phase confocal method (PCM) are also provided.
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