The pdx genetic marker adjacent to the chloramphenicol biosynthesis gene cluster in Streptomyces venezuelae ISP5230: functional characterization The GenBank accession number for the sequence reported in this paper is AF286159.
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The pdx-4 mutation in Streptomyces venezuelae ISP5230 confers a growth requirement for pyridoxal (pdx) and is a marker for the genetically mapped cluster of genes associated with chloramphenicol biosynthesis. A gene regulating salvage synthesis of vitamin B6 cofactors in S. venezuelae was cloned by transforming a pdx-4 mutant host with the plasmid vector pDQ101 carrying a library of wild-type genomic DNA fragments, and by selecting for complementation of the host's pdx requirement. However, the corresponding replicative plasmid could not be isolated. Southern hybridizations and transduction analysis indicated that the complementing plasmid had integrated into the chromosome; after excision by a second crossover, the plasmid failed to propagate. To avoid loss of the recombinant vector, a pdx-dependent Streptomyces lividans mutant, KAA1, with a phenotype matching that of S. venezuelae pdx-4, was isolated for use as the cloning host. Introduction of pIJ702 carrying an S. venezuelae genomic library into S. lividans KAA1, and selection of prototrophic transformants, led to the isolation of a stable recombinant vector containing a 2.5 kb S. venezuelae DNA fragment that complemented requirements for pdx in both S. venezuelae and S. lividans mutants. Sequence analysis of the cloned DNA located an intact ORF with a deduced amino acid sequence that, in its central and C-terminal regions resembled type-I aminotransferases. The N-terminal region of the cloned DNA fragment aligned closely with distinctive helix-turn-helix motifs found near the N termini of GntR family transcriptional regulators. The overall deduced amino acid sequence of the cloned DNA showed 73% end-to-end identity to a putative GntR-type regulator cloned in cosmid 6D7 from the Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) genome. This location is close to that of pdxA, the first pdx marker in S. coelicolor A3(2) identified and mapped genetically in Sir David Hopwood's laboratory. The S. venezuelae gene and S. coelicolor pdxA are postulated to be homologues regulating vitamin B6 coenzyme synthesis from pdx.
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