Functioning of children and adolescents with Down syndrome and the association with environmental barriers and facilitators during the COVID-19 pandemic Academic Article uri icon

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  • Purpose: To compare functioning and environmental aspects before and during physical distancing (DPD) and to determine which social, physical, behavioral and functioning aspects of DPD are correlated. Methods: Sixteen parents of children/adolescents with Down syndrome (11.38 ± 3.00 years) were surveyed before and DPD. Paired t-tests were used to compare functioning and environmental aspects before and DPD and chi-square tests were used to test associations. Results: There were increases in the frequency (p < 0.001) and involvement (p = 0.01) in home participation and on the impact, noticed by the parents, of the possibility of child to participate in daily activities (p = 0.036), as well as a reduction in social supports perceived by caregivers (p = 0.049). An association was found between the child’s socio-emotional difficulties symptoms and practice of physical activity (p = 0.043) and with parents’ satisfaction with the level of child’s home participation (p = 0.042). Conclusion: Functioning can be affected in either positive or negative ways.


  • Brugnaro, Beatriz
  • Kraus De Camargo, Olaf
  • Corsi, Carolina
  • de Campos, Ana Carolina
  • Fernandes, Gesica
  • Pavão, Silvia
  • Rocha, Nelci Adriana

publication date

  • September 14, 2021