Stopping mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists after hyperkalaemia: trial emulation in data from routine care Journal Articles uri icon

  • Overview
  • Research
  • Identity
  • Additional Document Info
  • View All


  • AbstractAimsWhether to continue or stop mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA) after an episode of hyperkalaemia is a challenge in clinical practice. While stopping MRA may prevent recurrent hyperkalaemias, it deprives patients of their cardioprotection. We here assessed the association between stopping vs. continuing MRA therapy after hyperkalaemia and the subsequent risks of adverse health events.Methods and resultsObservational study from the Stockholm CREAtinine Measurements (SCREAM) project 2006–2018. We identified patients initiating MRA and surviving a first‐detected episode of hyperkalaemia (plasma potassium >5.0 mmol/L). Using target trial emulation methods, we assessed the association between stopping vs. continuing MRA within 6 months after hyperkalaemia and subsequent outcomes. The primary outcome was the composite of hospital admission with heart failure, stroke, myocardial infarction, or death. The secondary outcome was occurrence of another hyperkalaemia event. Among 39 518 patients initiating MRA, we identified 7366 who developed hyperkalaemia. Median age was 76 years, 45% were women and 69% had a history of heart failure. Following hyperkalaemia, 2222 (30%) discontinued treatment. Compared with continuing MRA, stopping therapy was associated with a lower 2‐year risk of recurrent hyperkalaemia [hazard ratio (HR) 0.75, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.72–0.79], but a higher risk of the primary outcome (HR 1.10, 95% CI 1.06–1.14). Similar results were observed in patients with heart failure, after censoring when treatment decision was changed, and across pre‐specified subgroups.ConclusionsStopping MRA after an episode of hyperkalaemia was associated with reduced risk for recurrent hyperkalaemia, but higher risk of death or cardiovascular events. Recurrent hyperkalaemia was common in either strategy.


  • Trevisan, Marco
  • Fu, Edouard L
  • Xu, Yang
  • Savarese, Gianluigi
  • Dekker, Friedo W
  • Lund, Lars H
  • Clase, Catherine
  • Sjölander, Arvid
  • Carrero, Juan J

publication date

  • October 2021