Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare autoimmune disease. Pulmonary complications of SSc are some of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to determine prevalence and survival estimates of SSc and SSc with interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD) in the Canadian province of Ontario using administrative data over 10 years.
Using International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision codes adapted for Canada (ICD-10-CA), adult patients diagnosed with SSc and SSc-ILD between April 1, 2008, and March 31, 2018, were identified from the National Ambulatory Care Reporting System and the Discharge Abstract Database administrative databases. SSc was identified first, and ILD was included if presence occurred after SSc diagnosis. Prevalence estimates were determined for both SSc and SSc-ILD. For survival rates, Kaplan-Meier survival curves were generated.
At the start of the 2017/18 fiscal year (final year of the cohort), there were 2114 prevalent SSc cases for a cumulative prevalence of 19.1 per 100,000 persons, as well as 257 prevalent cases of SSc-ILD that generated a prevalence of 2.3 cases per 100,000 persons. Mean ages were 57 and 58 years with 84% and 80% females for patients with SSc and SSc-ILD, respectively. One-, 5-, and 10-year survival rates were 85.0%, 64.5%, and 44.9% for the SSc group and 77.1%, 44.4%, and 22.0% for the SSc-ILD group, respectively.
To our knowledge, this study provides the first population-based estimates of SSc and SSc-ILD in Canada for prevalence and survival. Results confirm that the prevalence estimates of SSc-ILD fall within the Canadian threshold for rare disease. It also demonstrates the poor survival in SSc, especially when ILD is also present.