Simulation of optical absorption in conical nanowires Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The optical absorptance from arrays of GaAs nanowires (NWs) was examined by the finite element method. Absorptance in cylindrical NWs, frustum nanocones (with base wider than the top) and inverted frustum nanocones (with top wider than the base) was compared. The introduction of higher order HE1n modes, the red-shift of the HE1n modes along the NW length due to NW tapering, and the red-shift of the modes due to increase of the overall NW diameter all contribute to a broadening of the absorption spectrum in conical NWs as compared to NWs with a constant diameter. The optical reflectance versus NW top diameter shows a minimum due to a balance between reflectance from the top of the NWs and reflectance from the substrate between NWs. The optimum geometry for photovoltaic energy conversion was determined from the total photocurrent. An optimum photocurrent of 26.5 mAcm-2 was obtained, corresponding to a conical NW morphology with base diameter of 200 nm, top diameter of 110 nm, and length of 2000 nm. An optimized inverse tapered conical morphology gave comparable performance.

publication date

  • March 15, 2021