What Do Patients and Parents Say About Parents' Ability to Choose Early Genital Surgery for Girls with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia? Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • PURPOSE: We assessed opinions of females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia and their parents about the parent's ability to choose early genital surgery for these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an online survey of females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (46XX,16+ years old) and independently recruited parents (2019-2020) diagnosed in first year of life in the United States. A multidisciplinary medical team, women with congenital adrenal hyperplasia and parents drafted the survey. Fisher exact test was used. RESULTS: Of 57 females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (median age 39 years), 93.0% underwent genital surgery (median 1-2 years old). Most females (79.0%) believed legislation prohibiting surgery in childhood would cause harm. Most (64.9%) believed a ban "would have been harmful to me" (24.6% not harmful, 10.5% neutral). Most females (70.2%) believed a ban undermined parental rights to make medical decisions in their child's best interest. While 75.4% did not believe a ban was in the best interest of females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia, 14.0% did (10.5% neutral). For 132 parents of females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (parent/child median age 40/11 years), 78.8% of children underwent surgery (median <1 year old). Most parents (93.9%) believed legislation prohibiting surgery in childhood would cause harm. Most (77.3%) believed a ban "would have harmed my daughter" (12.1% no harm, 5.3% neutral, 5.3% no answer). Parents were more likely than females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia to oppose a ban (p ≤0.02). Most parents (90.9%) believed a ban undermined parental rights. While 93.9% did not believe a ban was in the best interest of females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia, 3.8% did (2.3% neutral). CONCLUSIONS: The majority of females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia and their parents support the parents' ability to decide about potential genital surgery, opposing moratoria on surgery in childhood.

authors

  • Szymanski, Konrad M
  • Braga, Luis
  • Whittam, Benjamin
  • Kokorowski, Paul
  • Leland, Brian D

publication date

  • June 2021