Health professional–educator collaboration in the delivery of school‐based tiered support services: A qualitative case study
- Additional Document Info
- View All
BACKGROUND: Educators and health professionals support the learning and participation of diverse children in school environments. Tiered approaches to service delivery may assist these efforts through consideration of universal supports that are useful to all children, targeted supports for some children and individualized supports for the smallest number of children. This study explored how an interprofessional team worked with educators to develop and implement tiered services in two school communities where many families experience economic and social disadvantages. METHODS: Using a participatory action research approach and qualitative case study methods, the research and stakeholder teams jointly designed and conducted this study in two schools during the 2017-2018 school year. Data collected included weekly logs written by the interprofessional team members and 16 interviews conducted with team members, parents, educators and administrators. RESULTS: The team provided a variety of services to individual students, groups, whole classes and the school community. Collaboration and communication were needed to define roles and expectations and to plan and share student information. Reported benefits included timely service, capacity building and student goal achievement. The main barriers were related to service fragmentation, time and workload. CONCLUSIONS: Recommendations included clearer direction about expectations and improved coordination within the systems that offer services. Further research should include exploration of comparative cases with varying contexts, the inclusion of child perspectives and direct observation.
has subject area