A preliminary study on the usefulness of huil-8 in cervical relaxation of the ewe for artificial insemination and for embryo transfer
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The efficacy of using human interleukin 8 (huIL-8) as an agent for inducing cervical relaxation in estrous and diestrous sheep was assessed in a small pilot study. Multiparous, estrus-synchronized ewes were treated for either 2 or 5 consecutive days with vaginal suppositories with or without 5 micrograms cytokine. Cervical penetration with an insemination instrument was then assessed in vivo. After euthanasia, physical, histological and enzymological properties of the cervix were examined. Treatment of diestrous sheep with huIL-8 did not result in recruitment of neutrophils into the cervix. Treatment of estrous sheep with huIL-8 usually led to neutrophil recruitment to the cervix and to either full or partial penetration of the cervix. However, some animals receiving placebo treatment had neutrophil infiltration of both the vagina and cervix and, in one of these, partial penetration of the cervix was also achieved. Thus, treatment with IL-8 as the sole agent in the vaginal suppository was not sufficient to relax the cervix of the nonpregnant ewe in this study.
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