The Cohomology Rings of Regular Nilpotent Hessenberg Varieties in Lie Type A Academic Article uri icon

  •  
  • Overview
  •  
  • Research
  •  
  • Identity
  •  
  • Additional Document Info
  •  
  • View All
  •  

abstract

  • Abstract Let $n$ be a fixed positive integer and $h: \{1,2,\ldots,n\} \rightarrow \{1,2,\ldots,n\}$ a Hessenberg function. The main results of this paper are two-fold. First, we give a systematic method, depending in a simple manner on the Hessenberg function $h$, for producing an explicit presentation by generators and relations of the cohomology ring $H^\ast({\mathrm{Hess}}(\mathsf{N},h))$ with ${\mathbb Q}$ coefficients of the corresponding regular nilpotent Hessenberg variety ${\mathrm{Hess}}(\mathsf{N},h)$. Our result generalizes known results in special cases such as the Peterson variety and also allows us to answer a question posed by Mbirika and Tymoczko. Moreover, our list of generators in fact forms a regular sequence, allowing us to use techniques from commutative algebra in our arguments. Our second main result gives an isomorphism between the cohomology ring $H^*({\mathrm{Hess}}(\mathsf{N},h))$ of the regular nilpotent Hessenberg variety and the $\mathfrak{S}_n$-invariant subring $H^*({\mathrm{Hess}}(\mathsf{S},h))^{\mathfrak{S}_n}$ of the cohomology ring of the regular semisimple Hessenberg variety (with respect to the $\mathfrak{S}_n$-action on $H^*({\mathrm{Hess}}(\mathsf{S},h))$ defined by Tymoczko). Our second main result implies that $\mathrm{dim}_{{\mathbb Q}} H^k({\mathrm{Hess}}(\mathsf{N},h)) = \mathrm{dim}_{{\mathbb Q}} H^k({\mathrm{Hess}}(\mathsf{S},h))^{\mathfrak{S}_n}$ for all $k$ and hence partially proves the Shareshian–Wachs conjecture in combinatorics, which is in turn related to the well-known Stanley–Stembridge conjecture. A proof of the full Shareshian–Wachs conjecture was recently given by Brosnan and Chow, and independently by Guay–Paquet, but in our special case, our methods yield a stronger result (i.e., an isomorphism of rings) by more elementary considerations. This article provides detailed proofs of results we recorded previously in a research announcement [2].

authors

publication date

  • September 5, 2019