Legionella pneumophila is a deadly bacterial pathogen that has caused numerous Legionnaires’ disease outbreaks, where cooling towers were the most common source of exposure. Bacterial culturing is used for L. pneumophila detection, but this method takes approximately 10 days to complete. In this work, an RNA‐cleaving fluorogenic DNAzyme, named LP1, was isolated. Extensive characterization revealed that LP1 is reactive with multiple infectious isolates of L. pneumophila but inactive with 25 other common bacterial species. LP1 is likely activated by a protein target, capable of generating a detectable signal in the presence of as few as 10 colony‐forming units of L. pneumophila, and able to maintain its activity in cooling tower water from diverse sources. Given that similar DNAzymes have been incorporated into many sensitive assays for bacterial detection, LP1 holds the potential for the development of biosensors for monitoring the contamination of L. pneumophila in exposure sources.