Radiodermatitis in Patients With Cancer: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to inform the development of guidelines on the management of radiodermatitis among patients with cancer. LITERATURE SEARCH: The authors updated a systematic review to include available literature published through September 30, 2019. DATA EVALUATION: Two investigators assessed risk of bias using the Cochrane Collaboration risk-of-bias tool and certainty of the evidence using the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) approach. SYNTHESIS: The use of deodorant/antiperspirant had no effect on development of radiodermatitis. Aloe vera and emu oil were equivalent or less effective than standard care. Oral curcumin had a minimal beneficial effect. Nonsteroidal topical interventions had a minimal beneficial effect on the development of moist desquamation and relief of itching while causing a small increase for grade 2 radiodermatitis. Topical calendula increased risk for the development of radiodermatitis. Topical steroids and dressings each showed benefits to minimize the development of radiodermatitis and moist desquamation while lowering rates of patient-reported symptoms, such as pain and pruritus. IMPLICATIONS FOR RESEARCH: Symptom management strategies for radiodermatitis among patients with cancer that are likely to be effective include topical nonsteroidals, topical steroids, and dressings. SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL CAN BE FOUND AT HTTPS: //bit.ly/2FWj3Kp.

authors

  • Ginex, Pamela
  • Backler, Chelsea
  • Croson, Elizabeth
  • Horrell, Lindsey
  • Moriarty, Kerri
  • Maloney, Christine
  • Vrabel, Mark
  • Morgan, Rebecca

publication date

  • November 1, 2020