Pharmacotherapeutic management of asthma in pregnancy and the effect of sex hormones
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INTRODUCTION: Asthma is a common medical condition that can frequently affect pregnancy, and thus optimal management of asthma in pregnancy is important for both mother and baby. This article reviews recent developments of asthma pharmacotherapy and provides emerging data on the safety of asthma controller medications and biological therapies in pregnancy. The authors highlight the clinical outcomes of asthma during pregnancy, and summarize emerging new data related to the influence of sex hormones and fetal sex on asthma severity. AREAS COVERED: This review of asthma pharmacotherapy during pregnancy examines the recent guidelines and reports the most pertinent publications on safety data and asthma management. EXPERT OPINION: Asthma management during pregnancy follows the same principles as that of non-pregnant asthma. The available data for most asthma medications are reassuring, however there is a lack of adequate safety data available because pregnant women are generally excluded from clinical trials. More clarity is needed in guidelines regarding the management of asthma in pregnancy, and high-quality randomized control trials are required to strengthen the evidence base and inform future guidelines. In particular, safety studies examining biological therapies in pregnant women with severe asthma are needed.
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