The spread of antibiotic resistance is an urgent threat to global health that necessitates new therapeutics. Treatments for Gram-negative pathogens are particularly challenging to identify due to the robust outer membrane permeability barrier in these organisms. Recent discovery efforts have attempted to overcome this hurdle by disrupting the outer membrane using chemical perturbants and have yielded several new peptides and small molecules that allow the entry of otherwise inactive antimicrobials. However, a comprehensive investigation into the strengths and limitations of outer membrane perturbants as antibiotic partners is currently lacking. Herein, we interrogate the interaction between outer membrane perturbation and several common impediments to effective antibiotic use. Interestingly, we discover that outer membrane disruption is able to overcome intrinsic, spontaneous, and acquired antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative bacteria, meriting increased attention toward this approach.