Universal Transfer Printing of Micelle-Templated Nanoparticles Using Plasma-Functionalized Graphene
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Nanostructure incorporation into devices plays a key role in improving performance, yet processes for preparing two-dimensional (2D) arrays of colloidal nanoparticles tend not to be universally applicable, particularly for soft and oxygen-sensitive substrates for organic and perovskite-based electronics. Here, we show a method of transferring reverse micelle-deposited (RMD) nanoparticles (perovskite and metal oxide) on top of an organic layer, using a functionalized graphene carrier layer for transfer printing. As the technique can be applied universally to RMD nanoparticles, we used magnetic (γ-Fe2O3) and luminescent (methylammonium lead bromide (MAPbBr3)) nanoparticles to validate the transfer-printing methodology. The strong photoluminescence from the MAPbBr3 under UV illumination and high intrinsic field of the γ-Fe2O3 as measured by magnetic force microscopy (MFM), coupled with Raman measurements of the graphene layer, confirm that all components survive the transfer-printing process with little loss of properties. Such an approach to introducing uniform 2D arrays of nanoparticles onto sensitive substrates opens up new avenues to tune the device interfacial properties.
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