Development and Validation of SDBeasy Score as a Predictor of Behavioral Outcomes in Childhood
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Rationale: There are limited tools to identify which children are at greatest risk for developing sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)-associated behavioral morbidity.Objectives: To examine associations between age of onset and duration of parent-reported symptoms of SDB and behavioral problems at the age of 5 years.Methods: Data were collected and analyses were completed for participants in the CHILD (Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development) cohort at the Edmonton and Toronto sites. We generated an SDBeasy score on the basis of the age of onset and duration of SDB symptoms as reported by parents completing the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire. Using CHILD-Edmonton data, we completed multivariate linear regression to determine whether the SDBeasy score was associated with behavioral problems at the age 5 years of age as assessed by using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). We then validated the SDBeasy score using CHILD-Toronto data.Measurements and Main Results: At the 5-year visit, 581 of 716 (81%) CHILD-Edmonton participants still enrolled had CBCL data. Of the 581 children with data, 77% (446 of 581) had an SDBeasy score of 0 (never had SDB symptoms), whereas 20 of 581 children (3.4%) had persistent SDB symptoms from infancy through 5 years of age (SDBeasy score of 24). Children had a 0.35-point-higher CBCL total behavioral score at 5 years for each 1-point increase in their SDBeasy score (95% confidence interval, 0.24-0. 5; P < 0.01). We found consistent results among CHILD-Toronto participants; children had a 0.26-point-higher CBCL total behavioral score at 5 years for each 1-point increase in their SDBeasy score (95% confidence interval, 0.08-0.44; P = 0.005).Conclusions: The SDBeasy score, based on the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire, enables identification of children with higher behavioral-problem scores.
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