The effects of a technical mixture of naphthenic acids on placental trophoblast cell function
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There is considerable concern that naphthenic acids (NA) related to oil extraction can negatively impact reproduction in mammals, yet the mechanisms are unknown. Since placental dysfunction is central to many adverse pregnancy outcomes, the goal of this study was to determine the effects of NA exposure on placental trophoblast cell function. HTR-8/SVneo cells were exposed to a commercial technical NA mixture for 24 hours to assess transcriptional regulation of placentation-related pathways and functional assessment of migration, invasion, and angiogenesis. Pathway analysis suggests that NA treatment resulted in increased epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. However, there was reduced migration and invasive potential. NA treatment increased angiogenesis-related pathways with a concomitant increase in tube formation. Since decreased trophoblast invasion/migration and aberrant angiogenesis have been associated with placental dysfunction, these findings suggest that it is biologically plausible that exposure to NA may result in altered placental development and/or function.
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