Perturbation approach to ab initio effective mass calculations Academic Article uri icon

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  • A degenerate perturbation $k\cdot p$ approach for effective mass calculations is implemented in the all-electron density functional theory (DFT) package WIEN2k. The accuracy is tested on major group IVA, IIIA-VA, and IIB-VIA semiconductor materials. Then, the effective mass in graphene and CuI with defects is presented as illustrative applications. For states with significant Cu-d character additional local orbitals with higher principal quantum numbers (more radial nodes) have to be added to the basis set in order to converge the results of the perturbation theory. Caveats related to a difference between velocity and momentum matrix elements are discussed in the context of application of the method to non-local potentials, such as Hartree-Fock/DFT hybrid functionals and DFT+U.


  • Rubel, Oleg
  • Tran, Fabien
  • Rocquefelte, Xavier
  • Blaha, Peter