An unusual presentation of neonatal adrenal hemorrhage
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Case report of a neonate presenting within 1 h of birth with right side scrotal swelling and a dusky skin discoloration thought clinically to be a hydrocele or testicular torsion. Ultrasound examination demonstrated bilateral hydroceles, more prominent on the right, scrotal oedema and a perinephric loculated fluid collection secondary to right adrenal hemorrhage. We review the ultrasound appearance of the normal and haemorrhagic neonatal adrenal and discuss the differential diagnosis of both neonatal adrenal lesions and scrotal swellings. The role and benefits of ultrasound in the primary diagnosis and management of neonatal adrenal hemorrhage is emphasized.
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