Spatial Patterns of Gene Expression in Bacterial Genomes
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Gene expression in bacteria is a remarkably controlled and intricate process impacted by many factors. One such factor is the genomic position of a gene within a bacterial genome. Genes located near the origin of replication generally have a higher expression level, increased dosage, and are often more conserved than genes located farther from the origin of replication. The majority of the studies involved with these findings have only noted this phenomenon in a single gene or cluster of genes that was re-located to pre-determined positions within a bacterial genome. In this work, we look at the overall expression levels from eleven bacterial data sets from Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Streptomyces, and Sinorhizobium meliloti. We have confirmed that gene expression tends to decrease when moving away from the origin of replication in majority of the replicons analysed in this study. This study sheds light on the impact of genomic location on molecular trends such as gene expression and highlights the importance of accounting for spatial trends in bacterial molecular analysis.
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