A Prospective, Randomized, Interventional Study of Oral Iron Supplementation Comparing Daily Dose with Alternate Day Regimen Using Hepcidin as a Biomarker in Iron Deficiency Anemia.
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Aim: To assess effect of daily vis-a-vis alternate day oral iron therapy in terms of hemoglobin, reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent (RET-He) and GI side effects using hepcidin as a biomarker. Methods: A hospital based randomized interventional two-arm analytical study was done among patients of IDA (20 in each group). The study population was divided into two groups by randomisation. Group 1 received oral iron supplements on alternate day and Group 2 received iron supplements daily. Hemoglobin, RET-He, Serum ferritin and Hepcidin level were assessed. Results: On day 2nd, the rise in Hepcidin was not significant from base line in alternate day therapy group but was significantly increased in daily therapy group. On day 3, the rise in hepcidin was significant from base line in both the groups but the mean change in hepcidin was more in daily therapy group. RET-He began increasing on day 2nd in both the groups. In alternate day therapy group, the rise in RET-He was significant from base line from the day 2nd onwards while the rise in RET-He in daily therapy group was not significant even on day 3. In alternate day iron therapy group, the mean increase in hemoglobin on day 21th (1.58 ±0.53 gm/dl) was significantly more than mean increase among daily therapy (0.41 ± 0.25 gm/dl, P <0.05). Conclusion: Alternate day single tablet dosing schedule of oral iron therapy (60mg of elemental iron, ferrous sulfate) was more effective and better tolerated (gastrointestinal side effects) compared to daily supplementation in IDA.
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