The Ministry of Transportation of Ontario was interested in a rehabilitation strategy that could be used to address deep-seated rutting issues encountered on its 400-series highways. A precast concrete inlay panel (PCIP) rehabilitation design was developed and constructed involving the installation of precast panels into partially-milled asphalt pavement. Sub-surface instrumentation was installed at the PCIP–asphalt interface including earth pressure cells and moisture sensors installed in six instrumentation clusters. This instrumentation has been monitored to gather information regarding the PCIP trial installation. Readings from the moisture sensors indicate that water penetrates beneath the PCIPs in precipitation events, though these moisture levels recede under dry conditions, indicating that the water can exit the sub-slab area. Static load testing using a fully-loaded gravel truck was used to determine the different support reactions caused by different loading configurations. Higher loads were generally found beneath the joints in the two loading situations studied.