Light Curves of Type Ia Supernovae from Near the Time of Explosion Academic Article uri icon

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  • We present a set of 11 type Ia supernova (SN Ia) lightcurves with dense, pre-maximum sampling. These supernovae (SNe), in galaxies behind the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), were discovered by the SuperMACHO survey. The SNe span a redshift range of z = 0.11 - 0.35. Our lightcurves contain some of the earliest pre-maximum observations of SNe Ia to date. We also give a functional model that describes the SN Ia lightcurve shape (in our VR-band). Our function uses the "expanding fireball" model of Goldhaber et al. (1998) to describe the rising lightcurve immediately after explosion but constrains it to smoothly join the remainder of the lightcurve. We fit this model to a composite observed VR-band lightcurve of three SNe between redshifts of 0.135 to 0.165. These SNe have not been K-corrected or adjusted to account for reddening. In this redshift range, the observed VR-band most closely matches the rest frame V-band. Using the best fit to our functional description of the lightcurve, we find the time between explosion and observed VR-band maximum to be 17.6+-1.3(stat)+-0.07(sys) rest-frame days for a SN Ia with a VR-band Delta m_{-10} of 0.52mag. For the redshifts sampled, the observed VR-band time-of-maximum brightness should be the same as the rest-frame V-band maximum to within 1.1 rest-frame days.


  • Garg, Arti
  • Stubbs, Christopher W
  • Challis, Peter
  • Wood-Vasey, W Michael
  • Blondin, Stéphane
  • Huber, Mark E
  • Cook, Kem
  • Nikolaev, Sergei
  • Rest, Armin
  • Smith, R Chris
  • Olsen, Knut
  • Suntzeff, Nicholas B
  • Aguilera, Claudio
  • Prieto, Jose Luis
  • Becker, Andrew
  • Miceli, Antonino
  • Miknaitis, Gajus
  • Clocchiatti, Alejandro
  • Minniti, Dante
  • Morelli, Lorenzo
  • Welch, Douglas L

publication date

  • February 2007