The Clinical Significance of Major Depression Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
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OBJECTIVE: The authors assessed the association of major depression with behavioral outcome following mild traumatic brain injury. METHOD: Consecutive patients with mild traumatic brain injury (N=170) were assessed for major depression. Those with major depression were compared with those without on self-report measures of psychosocial dysfunction, psychological distress, and postconcussive symptoms in addition to examiner-rated neurobehavioral disturbance. RESULTS: Major depression was seen in 15.3% (N=26) of the subjects after traumatic brain injury, and these individuals showed subjective and objective evidence of poorer outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Major depression is associated with poor outcome across multiple domains. This study highlights the need for the early diagnosis and prompt treatment of major depression following mild traumatic brain injury.
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