Type VI Secretion System-Associated Gene Clusters Contribute to Pathogenesis of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • ABSTRACTThe enteropathogenSalmonella entericaserovar Typhimurium employs a suite of tightly regulated virulence factors within the intracellular compartment of phagocytic host cells resulting in systemic dissemination in mice. A type VI secretion system (T6SS) withinSalmonellapathogenicity island 6 (SPI-6) has been implicated in this process; however, the regulatory inputs and the roles of noncore genes in this system are not well understood. Here we describe four clusters of noncore T6SS genes in SPI-6 based on a comparative relationship with the T6SS-3 ofBurkholderia malleiand report that the disruption of these genes results in defects in intracellular replication and systemic dissemination in mice. In addition, we show that the expression of the SPI-6-encoded Hcp and VgrG orthologs is enhanced during late stages of macrophage infection. We identify six regions that are transcriptionally active during cell infections and that have regulatory contributions from the regulators of virulence SsrB, PhoP, and SlyA. We show that levels of protein expression are very weak underin vitroconditions and that expression is not enhanced upon the deletion ofssrB,phoP,slyA,qseC,ompR, orhfq, suggesting an unknown activating factor. These data suggest that the SPI-6 T6SS has been integrated into theSalmonellaTyphimurium virulence network and customized for host-pathogen interactions through the action of noncore genes.

publication date

  • June 2012