Relationship between cyclosporine area-under-the curve and acute graft versus host disease in pediatric patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant: A prospective, multicenter study
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Traditionally in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), cyclosporine doses are individualized using cyclosporine trough concentrations (C0) while area under the concentration vs time curve (AUC) is used in solid organ transplant. AUC potentially has an important relationship with the development of acute graft-versus-host-disease (aGVHD). We conducted a prospective study to describe the relationship between severe (grade III-IV) aGVHD and cyclosporine AUC in pediatric HSCT recipients. Pediatric patients who underwent allogeneic myeloablative HSCT and scheduled to receive cyclosporine for aGVHD prophylaxis participated in this multicenter study. Cyclosporine doses were adjusted based on C0 according to each center's standard of care. Cyclosporine AUC was determined weekly until neutrophil engraftment or Day +42, whichever was later. Associations between severe aGVHD and cyclosporine AUC and other patient and treatment-related factors were evaluated. Of the 110 children enrolled, 97 were evaluable. Thirty-seven (38%) children developed aGVHD; 13 (13.4%) had severe aGVHD. On univariate analysis, there was no association between severe aGVHD and cyclosporine AUC at any time point before engraftment. Future research should focus on refinement of C0 targets for cyclosporine therapeutic drug monitoring in HSCT.
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