Cardiovascular responses to early exercise in inferior wall ST acute myocardial infarction Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The heart rate and blood pressure responses to standardized exercise tests were studied in a group of patients with electrocardiographic evidence of inferior wall acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The tests were done on a bicycle ergometer at 8 to 10 days and 10 to 12 weeks after AMI. At 8 to 10 days after AMI, those with ST AMI (n = 12) had a significantly reduced heart rate response to exercise compared with patients with Q-wave AMI (n = 25). This difference was not evident at 10 to 12 weeks. The systolic blood pressure response in patients with ST AMI was lower than that of Q-wave AMI patients during the first exercise test, although the difference did not attain statistical significance but was significantly lower than the responses of both groups at the second test. The patients with ST AMI had smaller amounts of myocardial damage than those with Q-wave AMI as indicated by plasma creatine kinase values (p less than 0.01). These differences in the heart rate responses appeared to result from the preferential activation of nonmyelinated afferent fibers in the subepicardial region of the inferior wall of the myocardium.

authors

  • Teo, Koon
  • Hsu, Liang
  • Ramanaden, Isidore
  • Rossall, Richard E
  • Kappagoda, Tissa

publication date

  • May 1985