The effects of pulmonary lymphatic obstruction and pulmonary venous congestion on the activities of slowly adapting receptors (SAR) and rapidly adapting receptors (RAR) of the airways were examined in anaesthetized, artificially ventilated dogs. In 11 out of 12 RAR (12 dogs) examined, pulmonary lymphatic obstruction for a period of 20 min produced a sustained significant increase in activity without a significant change in peak airway pressure and dynamic compliance. The activity remained significantly elevated even after the pulmonary lymphatic obstruction was released. This stimulus was without effect on the SAR (n = 5 dogs). Pulmonary venous congestion alone increased the RAR activity (n = 7 dogs) significantly without producing significant changes in airway mechanics. Lymphatic obstruction, when superimposed upon congestion, did not produce a further significant increase in activity. In four dogs the effect of pulmonary venous congestion (left atrial pressure increased from 7.6 ± 1.7 to 16.3 ± 2.7 mmHg) (1 mmHg = 133.3 Pa) on pulmonary lymphatic flow was examined. The procedure caused a significant increase in lymph flow. These results suggest that in the dog, the RAR activity is influenced by changes in the pulmonary extra vascular space.