Comparative response of male and female patients with coronary artery disease to exercise rehabilitation
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Male (227) and female (37) participants in a supervised rehabilitation programme for patients with coronary artery disease were compared in relation to their compliance with and response to the programme. The drop-out rate was higher in females (18.9% vs 7.9%) and their attendance rate at sessions was lower (77% vs 87%). Following the programme, exercise duration was significantly increased in both groups to a similar degree, although absolute values were consistently higher in males. The heart rates required to perform given workloads were reduced for both sexes, the magnitude of reduction being similar. Blood pressure was not altered after rehabilitation. These findings show that female patients, despite poorer compliance than males, can benefit equally from exercise rehabilitation.
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