An innovative model of system-linked community care: home-based traction as an alternative to institutional treatment.
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Home-based traction is an alternative treatment to conventional hospital-based traction for children with orthopedic conditions such as congenital dislocated hip and Legg-Perthes disease. The application of a proposed theoretical model is used to describe the process of the home-based traction innovation. Creativity and innovation occasions a reconceptualization of stresses. The reconceptualization of stress, plus the operational support of coordinated in-home services, can help families and nurses in the community and in the hospital develop, implement, and evaluate this kind of innovative care. In applying the home-based traction professionals empower and legitimize parents as resourceful co-providers of care. The legitimizing of the alternative in-home service affords parents a more optimistic appraisal of their situation as manageable. Parents are free to develop a coordinated response to their overall circumstance, including the treatment of their one child's illness. The evaluation of this home-based traction example found the alternative to be acceptable, safe, effective in accomplishing treatment goals, and less expensive than conventional hospital-based traction.
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