Improving Linear Range Limitation of Non-Enzymatic Glucose Sensor by OH− Concentration Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The linear range of the non-enzymatic glucose sensor is usually much smaller than the glucose level of diabetic patients, calling for an effective solution. Despite many previous attempts, none have solved the problem. Such a challenge has now been conquered by raising the NaOH concentration in the electrolyte, where amperometry, X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and Nuclear magnetic resonance measurements have been conducted. The linear range has been successfully enhanced to 40 mM in 1000 mM NaOH solution, and it was also found that NaOH affected the degree of glucose oxidation, which influenced the current response during sensing. It was expected that the alkaline concentration must be 25 times higher than the glucose concentration to enhance the linear range, much contrary to prior understanding.

authors

  • Yang, Lory Wenjuan
  • Liu, Elton Enchong
  • Xu, Alex Fan
  • Chen, Jason Yuanzhe
  • Wang, Ryan Taoran
  • Xu, Gu

publication date

  • March 1, 2020