Efficacy of a functionally-based neurorehabilitation programme: A retrospective case-matched study of rehabilitation outcomes following traumatic brain injury
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OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of a functionally-based neurorehabilitation programme. DESIGN: Retrospective, case-matched cohort design. SETTING: An inpatient acquired brain injury (ABI) service at a post-acute rehabilitation facility. In 2001, a functionally-based rehabilitation model was introduced that streams patients into neurocognitive (NC) and neurophysical (NP) treatment groups based on predominant functional deficits. METHODS: Sixty-nine patients with TBI admitted to the ABI service before implementation of the functionally-based programme comprised a historical control group. These patients were individually case-matched to 69 participants admitted after the functionally-based programme began. Rehabilitation outcomes were compared between matched patients treated before and after implementation of the programme. OUTCOME MEASURES: Rehabilitation length of stay (RLOS), Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and Disability Rating Scale (DRS) at rehabilitation discharge and FIM efficiency. RESULTS: At discharge, the NP-stream had a significantly higher FIM motor efficiency compared to the historical control (0.41 vs. 0.29; p = 0.01). The NC-stream had significantly less disability, as measured by the DRS, compared to its control (3.63 vs. 5.05; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This study presents preliminary evidence that a rehabilitation programme that targets functional needs rather than diagnosis may be useful in improving function after traumatic brain injury.
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