Magnetic field dose effects on different radiation beam geometries for hypofractionated partial breast irradiation
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PURPOSE: Hypofractionated partial breast irradiation (HPBI) involves treatment to the breast tumor using high doses per fraction. Recent advances in MRI-Linac solutions have potential in being applied to HPBI due to gains in the soft tissue contrast of MRI; however, there are potentially deleterious effects of the magnetic field on the dose distribution. The purpose of this work is to determine the effects of the magnetic field on the dose distribution for HPBI tumors using a tangential beam arrangement (TAN), 5-beam intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). METHODS: Five patients who have received HPBI were selected with two patients having bilateral disease resulting in a total of two tumors in this study. Six planning configurations were created using a treatment planning system capable of modeling magnetic field dose effects: TAN, IMRT and VMAT beam geometries, each of these optimized with and without a transverse magnetic field of 1.5 T. RESULTS: The heart and lung doses were not statistically significant when comparing plan configurations. The magnetic field had a demonstrated effect on skin dose: for VMAT plans, the skin (defined to a depth of 3 mm) D1cc was elevated by +11% and the V30 by +146%; for IMRT plans, the skin D1cc was increased by +18% and the V30 by +149%. Increasing the number of beam angles (e.g., going from IMRT to VMAT) with the magnetic field on reduced the skin dose. CONCLUSION: The impact of a magnetic field on HPBI dose distributions was analyzed. The heart and lung doses had clinically negligible effects caused by the magnetic field. The magnetic field increases the skin dose; however, this can be mitigated by increasing the number of beam angles.
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