To assess the safety and efficacy of CyberKnife® radiotherapy (CKRT) for the treatment of olfactory groove meningiomas (OGMs).
A retrospective review was performed of 13 patients with OGM treated with CKRT from September 2005 to May 2018 at our institution. Nine patients were treated primarily with CKRT, 3 for residual disease following resection, and 1 for disease recurrence.
Five patients were treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), 6 with hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (HSRT), and 2 with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT). The median tumor volume was 8.12 cm3. The median prescribed dose was 14.8 Gy for SRS, 27.3 Gy for HSRT, and 50.2 Gy for FSRT. The median maximal dose delivered was 32.27 Gy. Median post treatment follow-up was 48 months. Twelve of 13 patients yielded a 100% regional control rate with a median tumor volume reduction of 31.7%. Six of the 12 patients had reduced tumor volumes while the other 6 had no changes. The thirteenth patient had significant radiation-induced edema requiring surgical decompression. Twelve patients were alive and neurologically stable at the time of the review. One patient died from pneumonia unrelated to his CKRT treatment.
CKRT appears to be safe and effective for the treatment of OGMs.