Longitudinal migration and inducible displacement of the Mobility Total Ankle System
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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: RSA can be used for early detection of unstable implants. We assessed the micromotion of the Mobility Total Ankle System over 2 years, to evaluate the stability of the bone-implant interface using radiostereometric analysis measurements of longitudinal migration and inducible displacement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 23 patients were implanted with the Mobility system. Median age was 62 (28-75) years and median BMI was 28.8 (26.0-34.5). Supine radiostereometric analysis examinations were done from postoperatively to the 2-year follow-up. Standing examinations were taken from the 3-month to the 2-year follow-up. Migrations and displacements were assessed using model-based RSA software (v. 3.2). RESULTS: The median maximum total point motion (MTPM) for the implants at 2 years was 1.19 (0.39-1.95) mm for the talar component and 0.90 (0.17-2.28) mm for the spherical tip of the tibial component. The general pattern for all patients was that the slope of the migration curves decreased over time. The main direction of motion for both components was that of subsidence. The median 2-year MTPM inducible displacement for the talar component was 0.49 (0.27-1.15) mm, and it was 0.07 (0.03-0.68) mm for the tibial component tip. INTERPRETATION: The implants subside into the bone over time and under load. This corresponds to the direction of primary loading during standing or walking. This statistically significant motion may become a clinically significant finding that would correspond with premature implant failure.
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