Efficacy of targeted therapy (TT) after checkpoint inhibitors (CPI) in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC): Results from the Canadian Kidney Cancer Information System (CKCis). Conference Paper uri icon

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abstract

  • 568 Background: While the use of CPI has demonstrated clinical benefit in patients with mRCC, data showing the efficacy of subsequent TT is limited. This real-world analysis evaluated the efficacy of TT post CPI in mRCC patients. Methods: Data was collected and analyzed from CKCis. Patients with mRCC who received TT after CPI were identified and analyzed based on line of therapy. Time to treatment failure (TTF – time from starting first subsequent TT to stopping TT) and overall survival (OS) were calculated. Hazard Ratio (HR) calculations were adjusted for IMDC group and age. Results: 102 patients were treated with TT post CPI (table). Those who received first-line ipilimumab + nivolumab (I/N) versus a vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor (VEGFi) + CPI combination prior to second-line TT had a median TTF of 8.0 vs 5.2 months (m) (HR=0.43, 95% CI: 0.13-1.44) and median OS of 16.5 m vs not reached (HR=0.76, 95% CI: 0.11-5.24). Patients who received a VEGFi versus a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor (mTORi) as third-line TT had a median TTF of 7.6 vs 4.4 m (HR=0.52, 95% CI: 0.24-1.10) and median OS of 21.7 vs 16.2 m (HR=0.41, 95% CI: 0.16-1.08). All third-line TT patients received first-line VEGFi and second-line nivolumab. Of the third-line VEGFi TT patients, 24 received axitinib (TTF 7.1 m, OS 21.7 m) and 22 received cabozantinib (data immature). Conclusions: Activity of TT in mRCC patients after CPI is demonstrated in multiple lines. In second-line, VEGFi TT had numerically better outcomes after I/N than after VEGFi+CPI combination. Efficacy of third-line TT was seen with a trend favoring VEGFi over mTORi. Axitinib in the third-line has notable activity after CPI, while data on cabozantinib and fourth-line TT are maturing. These results support the use of VEGFi after CPI in mRCC patients. [Table: see text]

authors

  • Kalirai, Austin
  • Wood, Lori
  • Lalani, Aly-Khan
  • Heng, Daniel Yick Chin
  • Ghosh, Sunita
  • Iafolla, Marco Adelmo James
  • Kollmannsberger, Christian K
  • Soulieres, Denis
  • Castonguay, Vincent
  • Bossé, Dominick
  • Winquist, Eric
  • Kapoor, Anil
  • Basappa, Naveen S

publication date

  • March 1, 2019