Innovations in measuring peer conflict resolution knowledge in children with LI: Exploring the accessibility of a visual analogue rating scale
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UNLABELLED: This preliminary study explored peer conflict resolution knowledge in children with and without language impairment (LI). Specifically, it evaluated the utility of a visual analogue scale (VAS) for measuring nuances in such knowledge. Children aged 9-12 years, 26 with typically developing language (TLD) and 6 with LI, completed a training protocol and hypothetical task in which they rated goals and strategies that could be pursued following peer conflict. Whereas participants with TLD provided graded judgments using the entire VAS, most children with LI relied solely on the scale anchors. These results suggest at least two possibilities. The less differentiated manner in which participants with LI utilized the VAS may have been influenced by how they viewed the peer conflict situations. Alternatively, additional training may be required to enable them to consistently use the whole scale. Further research is needed to establish whether ratings made by children with LI reflect differences in social perceptions or a need for further experience with the VAS. In either case, distinguishing between these alternatives will likely provide a better understanding of factors that impact the peer relationships of children with LI. LEARNING OUTCOMES: Readers will be able to: (1) identify challenges associated with assessing peer conflict resolution knowledge in children with language impairments; (2) describe current methods for measuring children's peer conflict resolution knowledge; (3) describe a visual analogue rating (VAS) scale and explain the potential advantages of this scale format; and (4) describe similarities and differences in how children with and without LI used a VAS in a hypothetical peer conflict resolution task.
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