The effect of renal replacement therapy on drug concentrations in patients with sepsis has not been fully elucidated because the pharmacokinetic properties of many antimicrobials are influenced by both pathophysiological and treatment-related factors. The aim of this study was to determine meropenem concentrations in patients with sepsis before and after the initiation of continuous venovenous hemodialysis with regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA-CVVHD).
The study included 15 critically ill patients undergoing RCA-CVVHD due to sepsis-induced acute kidney injury. All participants received 2 g of meropenem every 8 h in a prolonged infusion lasting 3 h. Meropenem concentrations were measured in blood plasma using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. Blood samples were obtained at six-time points prior to and at six-time points after introducing RCA-CVVHD.
The median APACHE IV and SOFA scores on admission were 118 points (interquartile range [IQR] 97–134 points) and 19.5 points (IQR 18–21 points), respectively. There were no significant differences in the plasma concentrations of meropenem measured directly before RCA-CVVHD and during the first 450 min of the procedure. The drug concentration reached its peak 2 h after initiating the infusion and then steadily declined.
The concentration of high-dose meropenem (2 g every 8 h) administered in a prolonged infusion was similar before and after the introduction of RCA-CVVHD in patients with sepsis who developed acute kidney injury.