Biomarker directed chronic wound therapy – A new treatment paradigm
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AIM: To develop a treatment paradigm for chronic leg ulcers that incorporates new biomarkers of wound healing with currently available therapies. METHODS: Recently published data on GM-CSF and MMP-13 as biomarkers of venous leg ulcer (VLU) healing status with accuracies of 92% and 78% respectively, was reviewed along with the wound bed preparation (WBP) theoretical framework for treatment of chronic wounds. The broad categories of wound treatments that align with the WBP concepts were identified. These were then considered in a hierarchical order that initially improves the wound bed and subsequently incorporates more complex advanced wound therapies. Identification of the non-healing status of the wound is the driver to advance through the different treatments. RESULTS: A point of care test of wound healing status is the key to the systematic use of currently available therapies for chronic leg ulcers in a timely fashion. The different therapies address - debridement, moisture control, bacterial contamination, protease inhibition, formation of granulation tissue, application of growth factors, application of matrix constructs, and application of cellular components. Progression through this hierarchical order of therapies is directed by the leg ulcer remaining in a non-healing state with the previous therapies having been implemented. CONCLUSION: Combining a validated point of care test of wound healing with a systematic approach to wound therapies, has the potential to create a new paradigm of chronic leg ulcer treatment - biomarker directed wound therapy.
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