Assessment of Immune Protective T Cell Repertoire in Humans Immunized with Novel Tuberculosis Vaccines
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Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the major global health concerns. There has been a lack of an effective vaccine strategy. The Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), the only licensed vaccine against TB, is not effective against adult pulmonary TB, the highly contagious form of TB. In the past two decades or so, many novel TB vaccines have been developed, and some of them were evaluated in clinical trials. However, the lack of validated immune correlates to assess the clinical relevance of novel TB vaccines before their entry into costly efficacy trials is a huge challenge to the field of TB vaccine development. Here we describe a general protocol for the procedure of a systematic immunological approach that can be utilized to better assess the clinical relevance of TB vaccine-activated T cells in early phases of clinical studies.
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