Reliability and Validity of the HIV Disability Questionnaire (HDQ) with Adults Living with HIV in the United States Academic Article uri icon

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  • Objectives: To assess measurement properties of the HIV Disability Questionnaire (HDQ) among adults with HIV in the United States. Methods: We administered the HDQ, World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule II (WHODAS 2.0), and a demographic questionnaire. For internal consistency reliability, we calculated Cronbach α and Kuder-Richardson-20 (KR-20) statistics for disability and episodic scores, respectively (≥0.80 acceptable). For test–retest reliability, we calculated intraclass correlation coefficients (>0.8 acceptable). For construct validity, we tested 15 a priori hypotheses assessing correlations between HDQ and WHODAS 2.0 scores. Results: Of the 128 participants, the majority were males (68%), median age 51 years, taking antiretroviral therapy (96%). Cronbach α ranged from 0.88 (social inclusion) to 0.93 (uncertainty). The KR-20 ranged from 0.86 (cognitive) to 0.96 (uncertainty). Intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.88 (physical, cognitive, social inclusion) to 0.92 (mental–emotional). Of the 15 hypotheses, 13 (87%) were confirmed. Conclusions: The HDQ demonstrates internal consistency reliability, test–retest reliability, and construct validity when administered to a sample of adults with HIV in the United States.


  • O’Brien, Kelly Kathleen
  • Kietrys, David
  • Galantino, Mary Lou
  • Parrott, James Scott
  • Davis, Tracy
  • Tran, Quang
  • Aubry, Rachel
  • Solomon, Patricia

publication date

  • January 1, 2019