A comparison of morphine-perphenazine and midazolam on preoperative sedation and arterial oxygen saturation
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The effectiveness of midazolam and a mixture of morphine-perphenazine premedication to produce sedation and their effects on preoperative oxygen saturation (SaO2) were examined. Eighty-five patients whose SaO2 measured with a pulse oximeter was greater than 90% and who were not receiving narcotic sedatives or oxygen were randomized to three groups. Each patient had his SaO2 recorded before premedication with placebo (saline), midazolam 0.08 mg.kg-1 or morphine 0.15 mg.kg-1 with perphenazine 2.5-5.0 mg im. From 30-90 min later, prior to anaesthesia SaO2 was repeated, and a sedation score was obtained by a blinded observer using a seven point scale. Median sedation scores were greater for midazolam (4) than for morphine-perphenazine (2) and placebo (1) (P less than 0.0001). As well, there was a decrease in the SaO2 in the morphine-perphenazine group (1.7 +/- 2.7%, P less than 0.001) but not in the midazolam and placebo groups (0.1 +/- 2.3%, -0.8 +/- 2.1%). In conclusion midazolam produced greater sedation than morphine-perphenazine and placebo without effect on SaO2 whereas morphine-perphenazine showed a decrease in SaO2 preoperatively.
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