New concepts in silicon component design using subwavelength structures
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Subwavelength gratings (SWG) are periodically segmented waveguides with a pitch small enough to suppress diffraction. These waveguides can be engineered to implement almost any refractive between the refractive indices of the material that compose the waveguide, thereby opening novel design possibilities. In this communication we explore the use of SWGs in the design and optimization of a variety of integrated optical devices in the silicon-on-insulator platform: fiber-to-chip grating couplers, polarization splitters and high performance multimode interference couplers. We furthermore show that the dispersion properties of SWGs enable the design of novel filters, and discuss the design of low transitions between SWG waveguides of different characteristics.
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