CCTG CO.26 trial: A phase II randomized study of durvalumab (D) plus tremelimumab (T) and best supportive care (BSC) versus BSC alone in patients (pts) with advanced refractory colorectal carcinoma (rCRC). Conference Paper uri icon

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  • 481 Background: D is a human monoclonal antibody (mAb) that inhibits binding of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) to its receptor. T is a mAb against the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4). Targeting both PD-L1 and CTLA-4 may have additive/synergistic activity as the mechanisms of action of CTLA-4 and PD-L1 inhibition are non-redundant. This study evaluated whether combining PD-L1 and CTLA-4 inhibition would lead to improved pt survival vs BSC alone in rCRC. Methods: Pts with rCRC were randomized 2:1 to D+T vs BSC . Pts were eligible if they failed all standard regimens; containing a fluoropyrimidine, irinotecan and oxaliplatin (and an EGFR inhibitor if Ras wild type). Prior treatment (Tx) with anti-VEGF agents or TAS-102 was permitted but not mandatory. Tx consisted of D (1500 mg) D1 q 28 days and T (75 mg) D1 for first 4 cycles, and all appropriate supportive measures. Primary endpoint was overall survival (OS) and a two-sided p-value < 0.10 was considered statistically significant. Results: Between August 2016 and June 2017, 180 pts were enrolled and 179 treated as randomized. Pt baseline characteristics were balanced. 85% of pts received ≥ 90% of planned doses of D and T. No pts with known defective mismatch repair (dMMR) tumors were enrolled. With a median (med) follow-up of 15.2 months (mo), the med OS was 6.6 mo for D+T and 4.1 mo for BSC (p = 0.07; Hazard ratio (HR): 0.72, 90% confidence interval (CI): 0.54–0.97). Med progression free survival was 1.8 mo and 1.9 mo respectively (HR 1.01, 90% CI 0.76–1.34; p=0.97). Disease control rate was 22.7% for D+T and 6.6% for BSC (p = 0.006). Grade 3/4 abdominal pain, fatigue, lymphocytosis and eosinophilia were significantly higher in D+T. At 16 weeks, there was significantly less deterioration on EORTC QLQ-C30 physical function for D+T. Confirmation of MMR status is ongoing. Conclusions: D+T significantly prolonged OS in pts with rCRC and preserved quality of life. Adverse events were more frequent with D+T. This is the first study showing that combined PD-L1 and CTLA-4 inhibition prolongs survival in pts with advanced refractory CRC not selected for dMMR. Clinical trial information: NCT02870920.


  • Chen, Eric Xueyu
  • Jonker, Derek J
  • Kennecke, Hagen F
  • Berry, Scott R
  • Couture, Felix
  • Ahmad, Chaudhary E
  • Goffin, John
  • Kavan, Petr
  • Harb, Mohammed
  • Colwell, Bruce
  • Samimi, Setareh
  • Samson, Benoit
  • Abbas, Tahir
  • Aucoin, Nathalie
  • Aubin, Francine
  • Koski, Sheryl L
  • Wei, Alice Chia-chi
  • Magoski, Nadine M
  • Tu, Dongsheng
  • O'Callaghan, Christopher J

publication date

  • February 1, 2019